N A T U R A L F I B R E S
Textile materials can be made from various raw materials derived from nature. There are two main categories of natural fibers: animal and plant fibers.
P L A N T F I B R E S
Plant fibers include all fibers derived from plants. These fibers can be extracted from seeds, stem and leaves. All plant fibers have the same building material: cellulose.
C O T T O N
Cotton is a natural fiber that comes from the boll of a cotton plant. Cotton is soft to the skin, comfortable, breathable and has moisture absorbing properties. In our collections we use different types of cotton depending on the garment and the raw materials’ availability.
L I N E N
Textiles made of linen exist for several thousand years. Linen is made from fibers taken from the stem of the flax plant. Flax is an easy plant as it grows on most types of soil and does not need a lot of water, pesticides or maintenance. 70% of the flax production takes place in Europe due to the cool and humid climate. Linen is often more expensive than other materials because of the lengthy production process to create a fiber from a the flax plant. The material is durable, high absorbent and has temperature regulating properties.
A N I M A L F I B R E S
Animal fibers include wool, different hair types and silk. All animal fibers have the same building material: protein.
W O O L
Wool is a natural fiber which comes from the fleece of sheep, which is shorn every spring, and the hair of other animals. Protein forms the basis for wool and hair fibers. Wool is recyclable and renewable and even biodegradable when finished without chemicals. In general, wool is known for its superior insulation. The surface structure of the fiber makes wool an fiber that is repellent to water, dirt, stains and is able to regulate temperature and moisture. In our collections we use different types of wool from different animals that have all their unique properties.
M E R I N O
The merino sheep is known for its merino wool. The sheep produces 10 times more hair than any average other sheep. Merino wool is softer than regular wool, does not itch and therefore perfect for garments that touch the skin.
M O H A I R
Mohair is a soft wool that comes from the hair of the angora goat (not to be confused with the angora rabbit as they produce angora wool). The goat has long curly hair with a natural shine and has very good dye abortion properties. As a result, mohair can be dyed in lively colors, which is not possible for many wool types. Due to its superior properties it is considered a luxurious fiber and is therefore more expensive than regular wool.
C A S H M E R E
Cashmere is a natural fiber which comes from the fleece of a cashmere goat. The goat lives in the Mongolian Himalaya mountains or can be found in China, Iraq, Iran, Tibet and India. This fiber has an unmistakable softness and light feel due to the uniquely wavy shape. The material does not itch an can be worn onto the skin.
A L P A C A
Alpaca hair comes from alpaca sheep that are part of the lama family. Originally the sheep were bred in South-Africa but have been exported over the years to countries like Australia, New Zealand, North America. The fiber is fine, very soft, flexible and smooth. Alpaca wool has great insulation properties in winter and cooling properties in summer. The material can be worn, in both winter and summer, onto the skin without itching.
M A N – M A D E
There are two types of man-made fibers: Regenerated fibers (cellulose based fibers) like lyocell and viscose and oil-based fibers including polyamide, polyester and acrylic.
Regenerated fibers include all fibers derived from natural polymers. These fibers can be extracted from naturally occurring cellulose-based raw materials like wood. All regenerated fibers have the same building material: cellulose.
V I S C O S E
Viscose is the best known cellulose fiber and is made of wood pulp. The material is light, has good moisture absorption and a soft feeling.
L Y O C E L L
Lyocell are cellulose based fibers produced by the lyocell process. The fibers are similar to viscose, however, the production process is less harmful to the environment. Lyocell is 50% more absorbent than cotton.
T E N C E L ®
Tencel® fibers are lyocell fibers produced by the company Lenzing. Tencel is made from the sustainably sourced natural raw material wood and is produced in a closed-loop system. This means within this system, more than 99% of the process water and chemicals are recycled/reused.S Y N T H E T I C
Synthetic fibers include all fibers derived from non-renewable resources: crude oil and natural gas. The fabrics are very durable and can be chemically and mechanically recycled.
P O L Y E S T E R
is a very durable man-made synthetic fiber derived from materials from the oil and gas industry. Polyester is a thermoplastic and produced by melt spinning. The material is very strong, has high abrasion resistance and a great moisture transporter which makes it perfect for active wear.
P O L Y A M I D E
, also known as Nylon, is a man-made synthetic material made of crude-oil which is a non-renewable resource. The material has similar properties as polyester, it is tear proof and is resistant to abrasion. However, polyamide is more durable and less vulnerable to pilling.
A C R Y L I C
fibers have a wool like handle, are voluminous, soft and warm. The material is often used in blends with wool to reduce felting properties or with other fibers to increase the durability and strength.
E L A S T A N E
is a man-made synthetic fiber that is often used in blends to give stretch to a fabric. Garments containing more than 2% elastane are not compatible with today’s recycling technologies. Also, there is no commercial method that can separate the elastane from fibers that can be recycled. Though, elastane is used in our garments when stretch improves the functional properties and durability.
R E C Y C L E D
Recycled textiles can be made from either pre-consumer or post-consumer resources by mechanical or chemical recycling.
For example waste from the spinning process or from worn textiles (that otherwise been disposed of). The fibers are
collected and are recycled into yarns and textiles. Some recycling processes shortens and weakens the fiber.
Therefore, recycled fibers are often mixed with virgin fibers to strengthen the material.